Modern Organic Agriculture

Modern Organic Agriculture In recent years has entered the Indonesian agricultural system sporadically and on a small scale. Modern agriculture develops food production that is safe for health and production systems that are environmentally friendly. However, in general, the concept of organic farming is not widely known and there are still many questions. This temporary emphasis is more on abandoning the use of synthetic pesticides. With the development of science and technology in the fields of health, environment, microbiology, chemistry, molecular biology, biochemistry and others, organic continues to grow.

In modern organic farming systems, quality standards are required and these are enforced by the importing countries very strictly. Often one organic agricultural product must be returned to the exporting country, including Indonesia, because residues of pesticides and other chemicals are still found.

Modern Organic Agriculture

Modern Organic Agriculture Certification

The number of products that claim to be organic agricultural products that are not certified creates doubts on the part of consumers. Certification of organic agricultural products can be divided into two criteria, namely:

a) Local Certification for domestic market share. This agricultural activity still tolerates the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers in minimal amounts or Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA), but has severely limited the use of synthetic pesticides. OPT control using biopesticides, tolerant varieties, and biological agents. A team to formulate national certification has been formed by the Ministry of Agriculture by involving universities and other related parties.

b) International certification for export shares and certain circles in the country, such as certifications issued by SKAL or IFOAM. Some of the requirements that must be met include the period of land conversion, storage of organic products, seeds, fertilizers and pesticides as well as processing of the results must meet certain requirements as organic agricultural products.

 

Organic Farming Concept for a Great Future for all of us

Organic Farming is an agricultural production system that avoids or severely limits the use of (factory) chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, growth regulators and feed additives.

Cultivation of environmentally sound plants is an agricultural cultivation that is planned and carried out by taking into account the characteristics, conditions and preservation of the environment, so that natural resources in the living environment can be utilized as well as possible so that environmental damage and deterioration can be avoided and preserve the usability of natural resources and environment.

Organic Farming Concept

Organic Farming Concept for a Great Future 2022

Organic farming is an integrated production management system that avoids the use of artificial fertilizers, pesticides and genetically modified products, suppresses air, soil and water pollution. On the other hand, organic farming improves health and productivity among flora, fauna and humans. The use of non-agricultural inputs that causes the degradation of natural resources cannot be categorized as organic farming. On the other hand, agricultural systems that do not use external inputs, but follow the rules can be included in the group, even though the agro-ecosystem does not get organic certification.

Nature created by Allah Ta’ala “teaches” virtues for mankind. Nature is a unity, consisting of many parts, like an organism and its organs. All parts run in harmony, serving and sharing. Each organ has its own role, complementing each other and providing synergies to produce an optimal and sustainable balance. Each component does not think and act only for the sake of ‘I’, but for ‘us’: the whole of nature. According to Sunnatullah, nature works in harmony, “arranging” its parts in its amazing balance and order.

Organic farming (PO) is also subject to the above principles, to the laws of nature. Everything in nature is useful and has a function, complementing each other, serving and living for all. In nature there is biodiversity and ecological balance. Thus, PO also respects biodiversity and ecological balance. Millions of years of nature has proven its principle, there is no exploitation other than optimization of utilization. Likewise OD, not to maximize yields, not excessive; but sufficient for all beings and continuous. This is the basic philosophy of OD.

 

Advantages of Organic Farming

nojoquifarms.org – Organic farming or organic farming is the use of agricultural production systems that depend on green manure, compost, biological pest control, and crop rotation. It aims to produce healthier plants, livestock and poultry free of chemicals.

Organic based agricultural production systems promote resource cycles to conserve biodiversity and promote ecological balance. The use of green manure, cover crops, animal manure and cover crops to disrupt pests and diseases, thereby increasing soil fertility, and maximizing soil biological activity are the main aspects of organic agriculture.

In other words, in organic agriculture the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, antibiotics, herbicides, or pesticides is not used at all. Thus, the aim of organic agriculture is to produce fiber, grains, vegetables, flowers, fruits, food and animal products in agriculture, such as milk, eggs and meat in the best natural way.

Unlike other agricultural practices, organic farming performs better in terms of water and soil conservation, maintaining ecological balance, and utilizing renewable resources. On the other hand, this concept also has its drawbacks. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of organic farming, including:

Advantages of Organic Farming

Organic-Farming

 

High nutritional value

Products produced from organic farming contain very high nutritional content because they do not contain modified ingredients. Compared with conventional agricultural food products. Another factor that makes the resulting product so nutritious is that the plants are given sufficient time to develop and obtain the best natural conditions in the growth process.

The vitamin and mineral content of organic food products is always high because the state of soil health offers a very suitable mechanism for plants to access soil nutrients. Plus, healthier food ingredients can support better health for people’s lives.

Quality of taste
Apart from the nutrients, the mineral and sugar structures in organic food are much more palatable because the plants are given more time to develop and are finally ready to be harvested. The use of natural and environmentally friendly agricultural production techniques is the reason for better taste in organic food products. It is generally reported that the taste of organic vegetables and fruits is of a higher quality than those grown conventionally.

Able to improve health

Products from organic farming offer the safest products for consumption compared to other food products on the market. This product has a high nutritional content but minimal chemical content and does not contain any modified ingredients. So that it is healthier for the body and minimizes the risk of diseases such as infertility, cancer, to immune deficiency.

Environmental resistance

Achieving environmental sustainability is the dream of every nation in the world. This can be partly achieved by adopting organic farming. Research reveals that organic agriculture can provide an impressive mechanism for advancing ecological compatibility, biodiversity and an environmentally sustainable biological cycle.

For example, the main objectives of organic agriculture are for soil management and conservation, promoting nutrient cycling, ecological balance, and biodiversity conservation. In addition, organic farming production methods are also much more energy efficient than traditional farming. The use of natural methods instead of chemicals also saves the world’s water and soil sources from contamination and pollution.

Food security

The demand for food supply is always disproportionate. This is due to the effects of climate change and poor agricultural practices that cause poor crop yields. This condition can lead to a shortage of foodstuffs that can cause food insecurity problems.

A recent study in Science-Digest suggested that the concept of organic agriculture could intensify crop production especially in poor countries. Where the input for conventional agriculture is very expensive, so the concept of organic farming can contribute to increasing food security.

 

This is due to the fact that plants grown organically are much more resistant to pests and diseases, and more tolerant of drought. Compared with conventional agricultural products.

Toxic free organic products

In the process of tillage to the planting process, organic agriculture does not depend on chemicals to repel pests and diseases or to fertilize plants. All processes are carried out naturally, so it will not harm consumers.

Aspects such as the use of chemical pesticides, fertilizers, herbicides, and artificial growth hormones have begun to decrease even if they are not used at all because everything is done organically. For this reason, food products from organic farming are free from chemical contamination that can harm health.

Lower production costs

In organic farming almost nothing involves the use of expensive agrochemicals. In addition, organic plants also have better resistance to pests and diseases. When these are combined together, of course, it will greatly save the cost of using fungicides, pesticides, and insecticides which are quite expensive. Instead of using chemical fertilizers, organic farming relies more on plant compost which is more affordable.

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The Benefits Of Organic Farming

pertanian organik

The introduction of chemicals in agriculture gained so much attention. Agricultural products were suddenly abundant. Any damage caused by chemical fertilizers is almost invisible. It is undeniable that the presence of pesticides for farmers is like a mandatory item that cannot be left behind for a large harvest. This technology is spread all over the world because it is considered a revolution in agriculture. Until finally the community faces serious health-related problems such as cancer, pollution, soil degradation, and the impact on domestic animals.

A series of dangerous diseases are also caused by inappropriate diet and lifestyle. Fruits and vegetables consumed may have the same name but the growth process is no longer appropriate due to the interference of chemicals in it. Conventional farmers do not usually understand this. It is time for farmers to realize the benefits and advantages of organic farming. Organic farming also has an advantage in viz

Selling price is higher

When compared to agriculture that still uses pesticides, the selling price of organic crops is far higher than organic farming. and bigger until it reaches double.

Many Enthusiasts

Do not underestimate the healthy lifestyle trends that are currently being embraced by many Indonesians. Awareness of the importance of healthy living makes Indonesian people choose food produced from organic agriculture. When this has been circulating organic brown rice, vegetables, and fruit that are in the period of planting to harvest are not touched by harmful chemicals.

Maintaining Environmental Health

Organic farming requires the exclusion of intruding organisms as long as they are below the safe threshold to not need to be eradicated. By allowing these organisms to stay alive, you have helped to maintain environmental balance, because even though they are pests, their existence is still needed as a counterweight.

Maintaining oil fertility

Organic farming will be very good for maintaining soil health because it can improve and maintain soil pH. Agricultural waste can be reduced, water quality safer for consumption, and increase the population of soil microorganisms. This is all because organic farming does not involve chemicals in the process of caring for plants.

Nojoqui Sweets Onions

Nojoqui Sweet onions are gourmet onions without the pungent taste. They are quite mild and can be enjoyed raw. They actually taste sweet. Nojoqui Sweets are low in pyruvic acid development (PAD), which gives traditional onions their pungent taste.

Nojoqui Farms’ soils are high in organic matter; high-quality compost is applied yearly; and cover crops of soil-building grasses and legumes are grown as well. Chemical pesticides and fertilizers are never used. This organic management of Nojoqui Farms’ soils help give the onions their mild taste. Nojoqui Sweets are fresh onions, only available in the late spring and summer.

Sweet onions grow well in soils low in sulfur and under mild climatic conditions; Nojoqui Valley being a perfect location. Vidalia sweet onions are grown in the county of Vidalia, Georgia. Walla Walla sweet onions are grown in Walla Walla, Washington. Maui sweet onions are grown in Hawaii. Texas 1015 sweet onions are grown in south Texas.

Nojoqui Sweets are grown at Nojoqui Farms nestled in the fertile Nojoqui Valley on California’s Southern Central Coast. Over a three year period, we developed this exciting, organic sweet onion. From twelve promising varieties, we chose one to be the Nojoqui Sweet. You will find them packaged in a mesh bag with our distinctive label.

Holes in our leaves? You Bet!

Holes In Our Leaves? You Bet!

Nojoqui Farms chooses to rely on the balance of nature, rather than a sterile, insect-free environment which requires the continuous, cyclical application of insecticides. It’s a choice between eating chemical residues, or having a few small holes in the leaves. It’s your choice.

In a field of organically grown vegetables, we find such wonderful insects as assassin bugs, aphid lions and minute pirate bugs. These insects, and many more, devour the bugs that eat plants. We encourage these beneficial insects to fly into our fields and destroy the leaf-eating bugs, so we don’t have to spray our vegetables with insecticides. We will have a few small holes, and maybe a few bugs on our leaves, but we won’t have cancer-causing chemical residues on our leaves.

The best way to avoid addiction to insecticides is to never start using them. If we sprayed to kill the leaf-eating worms, we’d also kill the lady beetles and other beneficial insects that destroy aphids. Then we’d have to spray the aphids, and we’d kill the beneficial lacewings that destroy mites. Very soon, we’d be addicted to insecticides; suffering an endless routine of insect attacks.

Chemical residues cannot always be washed off. Many are systemic; they become part of the plant tissue. Insects, however, can easily be washed off. In most cases, just rinsing the leaves under a faucet will suffice. Occasionally, you may find bugs that seem to stick to the leaves; just dip them in warm water containing a biodegradable soap and then rinse.

The Original World Wide Web

If we set a microscope in the soil, we could see tiny, one-celled bacteria devouring the remnants of leaves and root hairs. We would see fungi disintegrating the larger, hard-to-digest roots and stems. We would see protozoa dining on bacteria and fungi and, in the process, releasing nitrogen and other nutrients needed by plants.

We would see roots releasing substances into the soil to attract and fed bacteria. In return the bacteria would release compounds that stimulate plant growth and help defend the roots from pathogens.

We would see other bacteria attaching themselves to roots, taking nitrogen from the air and then supplying the host plants with the essential nitrogen; we would see the plant giving to the bacteria, simple carbon compounds to encourage them to keep feeding them nitrogen.

If we were lucky we might see a fungus shaping itself into a noose lying in wait to snag a nematode for dinner or a nematode puncturing the cell wall of a fungus and sucking out the internal contents. We might see a nematode gulping down a whole protozoa. Plant-invading nematodes have gotten a lot of attention, but they are only a small fraction of total nematodes. The vast majority of nematodes are beneficial to plants and play a critical role in the soil foodweb. They dine on bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and other nematodes. In the process of eating and excreting, they release many nutrients that are readily available to plants.
To our amazement, we would see stands of fungal hyphae pushing their way between soil particles and binding soil particles together, creating soil aggregates.

We could see earthworms, springtails and a myriad of arthropods, feasting on plant residues and other soil life and leaving behind trails of supercharged soil.

With all this already happening in the soil, is tilling really necessary?

In a teaspoon of rich, fertile soil are hundreds of millions of living organisms. They form an interdependent web of life within the soil. We are just learning how this soil foodweb works. We do know that, if the web is properly taken care of, it will provide all the nutrients needed for optimum plant growth.

Tillage disrupts this foodweb. The obvious example is the cutting in half of earthworms. The myth many of us learned as children, is not true. When you cut an earth worm in half, you do not get two earthworms.

Tillage also destroys the long strands of mycorrhizal fungi. These fungi exist in a symbiotic association with plant roots. Mycorrhizae attach themselves to the roots and act as root extensions, allowing plants to access more soil. They can be yards long.

Tillage also destroys soil aggregates. Aggregates give soil its crumbly structure. They are small clumps of many soil particles, that contain open space. Sticky gums and gels, produced by soil bacteria, loosely hold together individual grains of sand, silt, clay and humus. Strands of filamentous fungi and actinomycetes also helps hold the aggregates together. The open spaces between soil particles are called pores and contain water and air. When aggregates are broken apart into individual particles, many pores are eliminated. Plant roots need the empty space between soil particles through which to easily extend their roots. Also, without adequate air in the soil, anaerobic conditions exist which cause root diseases. In addition, most organisms need abundant air in the soil to carry out their many functions.
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Imagine a suburban community with all its houses, streets, underground water pipes, and electrical wires. Now imagine a mile-wide rototiller with 500 foot tall blades rumbling through. Is this the effect tillage has on the community that live in our soils?

Hundreds of years ago, before the native grasslands of this country were first put to the plow, tall, green, nutritious grass grew without the help of man. The soil was deep, rich, and dark brown. How did it get that way? The soil had not been plowed or fertilized. How did nature do that?

We till the soil to loosen it and introduce air. But then, we drive over it with tractors and other farm equipment, smashing it back down and squeezing the air out. By the time harvest is over, the soil resembles a concrete slab. To plant our next crop, we need a huge tractor to loosen it back up, and all kinds of implements to pulverize it into submission. Then during the next growing season, we smash it back down again only to work it back up again. This scenario repeats itself year after year.

Is there a way out of this vicious cycle? This is what I am trying to discover with my conservation tillage experiments.

If you are interested in the details of the techniques and results of the no-till and strip-till trials, please E-mail Helmut. Helmut.