nojoquifarms.org – Organic farming or organic farming is the use of agricultural production systems that depend on green manure, compost, biological pest control, and crop rotation. It aims to produce healthier plants, livestock and poultry free of chemicals.
Organic based agricultural production systems promote resource cycles to conserve biodiversity and promote ecological balance. The use of green manure, cover crops, animal manure and cover crops to disrupt pests and diseases, thereby increasing soil fertility, and maximizing soil biological activity are the main aspects of organic agriculture.
In other words, in organic agriculture the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers, antibiotics, herbicides, or pesticides is not used at all. Thus, the aim of organic agriculture is to produce fiber, grains, vegetables, flowers, fruits, food and animal products in agriculture, such as milk, eggs and meat in the best natural way.
Unlike other agricultural practices, organic farming performs better in terms of water and soil conservation, maintaining ecological balance, and utilizing renewable resources. On the other hand, this concept also has its drawbacks. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of organic farming, including:
Advantages of Organic Farming
High nutritional value
Products produced from organic farming contain very high nutritional content because they do not contain modified ingredients. Compared with conventional agricultural food products. Another factor that makes the resulting product so nutritious is that the plants are given sufficient time to develop and obtain the best natural conditions in the growth process.
The vitamin and mineral content of organic food products is always high because the state of soil health offers a very suitable mechanism for plants to access soil nutrients. Plus, healthier food ingredients can support better health for people’s lives.
Quality of taste
Apart from the nutrients, the mineral and sugar structures in organic food are much more palatable because the plants are given more time to develop and are finally ready to be harvested. The use of natural and environmentally friendly agricultural production techniques is the reason for better taste in organic food products. It is generally reported that the taste of organic vegetables and fruits is of a higher quality than those grown conventionally.
Able to improve health
Products from organic farming offer the safest products for consumption compared to other food products on the market. This product has a high nutritional content but minimal chemical content and does not contain any modified ingredients. So that it is healthier for the body and minimizes the risk of diseases such as infertility, cancer, to immune deficiency.
Achieving environmental sustainability is the dream of every nation in the world. This can be partly achieved by adopting organic farming. Research reveals that organic agriculture can provide an impressive mechanism for advancing ecological compatibility, biodiversity and an environmentally sustainable biological cycle.
For example, the main objectives of organic agriculture are for soil management and conservation, promoting nutrient cycling, ecological balance, and biodiversity conservation. In addition, organic farming production methods are also much more energy efficient than traditional farming. The use of natural methods instead of chemicals also saves the world’s water and soil sources from contamination and pollution.
The demand for food supply is always disproportionate. This is due to the effects of climate change and poor agricultural practices that cause poor crop yields. This condition can lead to a shortage of foodstuffs that can cause food insecurity problems.
A recent study in Science-Digest suggested that the concept of organic agriculture could intensify crop production especially in poor countries. Where the input for conventional agriculture is very expensive, so the concept of organic farming can contribute to increasing food security.
This is due to the fact that plants grown organically are much more resistant to pests and diseases, and more tolerant of drought. Compared with conventional agricultural products.
Toxic free organic products
In the process of tillage to the planting process, organic agriculture does not depend on chemicals to repel pests and diseases or to fertilize plants. All processes are carried out naturally, so it will not harm consumers.
Aspects such as the use of chemical pesticides, fertilizers, herbicides, and artificial growth hormones have begun to decrease even if they are not used at all because everything is done organically. For this reason, food products from organic farming are free from chemical contamination that can harm health.
Lower production costs
In organic farming almost nothing involves the use of expensive agrochemicals. In addition, organic plants also have better resistance to pests and diseases. When these are combined together, of course, it will greatly save the cost of using fungicides, pesticides, and insecticides which are quite expensive. Instead of using chemical fertilizers, organic farming relies more on plant compost which is more affordable.