Modern Organic Agriculture

Modern Organic Agriculture In recent years has entered the Indonesian agricultural system sporadically and on a small scale. Modern agriculture develops food production that is safe for health and production systems that are environmentally friendly. However, in general, the concept of organic farming is not widely known and there are still many questions. This temporary emphasis is more on abandoning the use of synthetic pesticides. With the development of science and technology in the fields of health, environment, microbiology, chemistry, molecular biology, biochemistry and others, organic continues to grow.

In modern organic farming systems, quality standards are required and these are enforced by the importing countries very strictly. Often one organic agricultural product must be returned to the exporting country, including Indonesia, because residues of pesticides and other chemicals are still found.

Modern Organic Agriculture

Modern Organic Agriculture Certification

The number of products that claim to be organic agricultural products that are not certified creates doubts on the part of consumers. Certification of organic agricultural products can be divided into two criteria, namely:

a) Local Certification for domestic market share. This agricultural activity still tolerates the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers in minimal amounts or Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA), but has severely limited the use of synthetic pesticides. OPT control using biopesticides, tolerant varieties, and biological agents. A team to formulate national certification has been formed by the Ministry of Agriculture by involving universities and other related parties.

b) International certification for export shares and certain circles in the country, such as certifications issued by SKAL or IFOAM. Some of the requirements that must be met include the period of land conversion, storage of organic products, seeds, fertilizers and pesticides as well as processing of the results must meet certain requirements as organic agricultural products.

 

Organic Farming Concept for a Great Future for all of us

Organic Farming is an agricultural production system that avoids or severely limits the use of (factory) chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, growth regulators and feed additives.

Cultivation of environmentally sound plants is an agricultural cultivation that is planned and carried out by taking into account the characteristics, conditions and preservation of the environment, so that natural resources in the living environment can be utilized as well as possible so that environmental damage and deterioration can be avoided and preserve the usability of natural resources and environment.

Organic Farming Concept

Organic Farming Concept for a Great Future 2022

Organic farming is an integrated production management system that avoids the use of artificial fertilizers, pesticides and genetically modified products, suppresses air, soil and water pollution. On the other hand, organic farming improves health and productivity among flora, fauna and humans. The use of non-agricultural inputs that causes the degradation of natural resources cannot be categorized as organic farming. On the other hand, agricultural systems that do not use external inputs, but follow the rules can be included in the group, even though the agro-ecosystem does not get organic certification.

Nature created by Allah Ta’ala “teaches” virtues for mankind. Nature is a unity, consisting of many parts, like an organism and its organs. All parts run in harmony, serving and sharing. Each organ has its own role, complementing each other and providing synergies to produce an optimal and sustainable balance. Each component does not think and act only for the sake of ‘I’, but for ‘us’: the whole of nature. According to Sunnatullah, nature works in harmony, “arranging” its parts in its amazing balance and order.

Organic farming (PO) is also subject to the above principles, to the laws of nature. Everything in nature is useful and has a function, complementing each other, serving and living for all. In nature there is biodiversity and ecological balance. Thus, PO also respects biodiversity and ecological balance. Millions of years of nature has proven its principle, there is no exploitation other than optimization of utilization. Likewise OD, not to maximize yields, not excessive; but sufficient for all beings and continuous. This is the basic philosophy of OD.