Modern Organic Agriculture In recent years has entered the Indonesian agricultural system sporadically and on a small scale. Modern agriculture develops food production that is safe for health and production systems that are environmentally friendly. However, in general, the concept of organic farming is not widely known and there are still many questions. This temporary emphasis is more on abandoning the use of synthetic pesticides. With the development of science and technology in the fields of health, environment, microbiology, chemistry, molecular biology, biochemistry and others, organic continues to grow.
In modern organic farming systems, quality standards are required and these are enforced by the importing countries very strictly. Often one organic agricultural product must be returned to the exporting country, including Indonesia, because residues of pesticides and other chemicals are still found.
Modern Organic Agriculture Certification
The number of products that claim to be organic agricultural products that are not certified creates doubts on the part of consumers. Certification of organic agricultural products can be divided into two criteria, namely:
a) Local Certification for domestic market share. This agricultural activity still tolerates the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers in minimal amounts or Low External Input Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA), but has severely limited the use of synthetic pesticides. OPT control using biopesticides, tolerant varieties, and biological agents. A team to formulate national certification has been formed by the Ministry of Agriculture by involving universities and other related parties.
b) International certification for export shares and certain circles in the country, such as certifications issued by SKAL or IFOAM. Some of the requirements that must be met include the period of land conversion, storage of organic products, seeds, fertilizers and pesticides as well as processing of the results must meet certain requirements as organic agricultural products.